HJS Report: Safeguarding our System: Chinese Investment into the UK’s Digital and Critical National Infrastructure
Henry Jackson Society, 18 July, 2017
China’s investment into Western advanced economies – including that of the UK
– is increasing and changing in scope surging from EUR 14 billion in 2015 to EUR
20 billion in 2016, a 44% jump since 2014. More than 60% of the value of deals has been by state-owned enterprises, indicating this push is led by state strategy than commercial
• In 2016, China invested $11.15 billion into the UK. More than double the amount in
2015 and the most in any one year going back to 2005.
• China’s economic strategy, Made in China: 2025, might threaten the long-term
survival of UK businesses unless some sort of government protection is afforded to
them or unless China affords British businesses more access to China’s home market.
• Because of cyber vulnerabilities, critical national infrastructure will be at the forefront
of any future war.
• The current review system could be improved and rationalised:
– It has allowed access to the UK’s digital and critical infrastructure with elements
of China’s defence industrial concerns
– It has allowed deals that have affected the UK’s closest military allies
– It allows for domestic and foreign pressure on the government of the day
• A formal investment screening regime is both necessary and desirable to protect the
UK’s economic interests and its national security.
• A new regime should be built, which is adequately resourced to carry out the difficult
task of tracking foreign direct investment (FDI) into the sensitive parts of the UK’s
• The new regime should begin to coordinate more closely with the UK’s closet military
and intelligence-sharing allies, including the Five Eyes partners and NATO member
• Any new regime should carry out its review process in a judicious but swift manner so
that foreign investment in the UK is not hampered or harmed. This report suggests
that the regime should be sufficiently able to pass its decisions within 30 days of
receiving an inquiry.
• Ideally, any regime should be overseen by a special committee in Parliament to ensure
that it is sufficiently funded and resourced to carry out its activities, and that it is
carrying them out in a legal, expedient and sufficient manner
To read the full report, please click here.